What Is a Dental Crown?
A dental crown, also known as a cap, is a dental restoration that covers a tooth to help restore its shape, size, and colour.
Dental crowns can help to improve the strength, function, and appearance of a damaged or decayed tooth. They can help prevent a tooth from needing an extraction.
Additionally, dental crowns can be used for cosmetic reasons, such as to cover an uneven or discoloured tooth and improve the overall appearance of your smile.
Crowns are often made of porcelain, a material that protects and strengthens the remaining tooth structure.
The Crown Procedure
Placing a dental crown will typically require at least two appointments at your dental office. If your dentist decides you need a dental crown, you can expect to go through the following process.
Your First Appointment
To prepare for a crown, your dentist will first examine your mouth and then prepare the tooth.
To prepare the tooth, your dentist will file down and remove part of the outer layer of the tooth. Next, they will take an impression of the trimmed tooth and the surrounding teeth, and place a temporary crown over the tooth to protect it. The temporary crown is placed using temporary cement so that it can come off easily when the permanent crown is ready.
Your dental office will send your unique tooth impression to a dental laboratory to make your permanent crown, which may take several weeks.
Using your impression, the laboratory technician can examine all aspects of your bite and jaw movements and sculpt a crown just for you. Your dentist will also be sure to determine the shade of your teeth to help the technician make a crown that will match the colour of the rest of your teeth.
The Second Appointment
Once the crown is ready, you’ll return to your dental office for the second appointment. During this visit, your dentist will remove the temporary crown and place the permanent crown on your tooth.
The permanent crown is first placed on the tooth and inspected for proper fit, bite, and smooth margins. After any necessary adjustments are completed, the crown is cemented with permanent dental glue or cement.
Maintaining Your Dental Crown
Dental crowns can last on average from 10 to 20 years if they are given proper care. It is important to take care in brushing and flossing around crowned teeth to prevent them from needing to be replaced sooner than later.